Out of the Past

Special Forces airborne group “Storm”

For the observance of the 70th anniversary of Ukraine’s liberation from Nazi invaders the departmental state archive of the SZRU continues a series of publications following archival affairs. Now you have the opportunity to be made aware of the story on the basis of archival documents on activities in the enemy’s rear of reconnaissance and sabotage group “Storm”formed in the territory of Ukraine and its contribution to the victory over Nazi Germany.
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Three Business Trips to Afghanistan

While in Afghanistan,  Valentyn Serhiyovych Dyomin was involved in a special  sphere of  activity of special services, which is rarely mentioned in books, memoirs and interviews with participants of  those events. He was an employee  of the Mission of the KGB in Afghanistan and during his  three business trips to that country acted through the Soviet Foreign Intelligence Service. Each trip was special, unlike  the previous ones, full of events, unusual situations, unexpected meetings and deadly risk. However, many Soviet intelligence officers operated in the same difficult conditions, but not everyone within one month was awarded two orders and two medals.
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“Secret Agent” of Mychaylo Maklyarsky

Along with Yulian Semyonov, Mykhaylo Maklyarsky is one of the most prominent Soviet writers and scriptwriters, who has portrayed the character of an intelligence agent in works of art and movies best of all. In the postwar period the “Secret Agent” film with Pavel Kadochnikov starring based on his novel became for many years a cult film. There were created 14 feature films on his scenarios, among them – “Shot in the Fog”, “Secret Mission”, “Inspector of Criminal Investigation”, “Everyday Criminal Investigation”, “Secret Service agent,” and others. In addition, he was the author of dozens of plays and novels of adventure genre. But not everyone knows, that during the Great Patriotic War M. Maklyarsky himself was quite successfully engaged in intelligence activities, and in the end it helped him to show the work of intelligence agents truthfully and accurately.
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Georgiy Kovtun’s Philosophy of Intelligence

Twenty years ago, in December 1991, the organizational-regular structure of the Main Intelligence Directorate as part of the National Security Service of Ukraine was approved. Since then, the veterans and existing staff members of the Ukrainian Foreign Intelligence Service have been counting their modern history. In fact, with the enactment of the Law “On the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine” by the Verkhovna Rada on December 1, 2005, that day began to be marked as the anniversary of the Ukrainian foreign intelligence’s formation. From December 1991 till December 1992, Major General Georgiy Kyrylovych Kovtun, a very interesting and a bright personality, was the head of the First Chief Directorate (Intelligence).
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On both sides of the “Berlin Wall”

One of those, who had to work at the Soviet station in Bonn in the period of the next exacerbation of the international situation and the Berlin crisis in particular, was Hryhoriy Matviyovych Rudenko. He arrived to Bonn in the late 1963, two years after the “Berlin Wall” construction, and experienced the “Cold War” stress firsthand.
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In the SciTech field

Among those who have performed well in the scientific and technical intelligence at the First Directorate of the KGB of the Ukrainian SSR, Yuri M. Kalin holds a special place. And though he did not have degrees like some of his colleagues, but his fundamental technical education, the constant pursuit of perfection, high intelligence, a good business and organizational skills have helped to make him one of the most prominent representatives of the scientific and technical intelligence of his day. The staff under his direction included Oleksandr Sharkov, Leonid Rozhen, Vyacheslav Abramov, who later became the chiefs of the Ukrainian foreign intelligence and the Ukrainian unit of the Scientific and Technical Guidelines has consistently held senior positions in the former Soviet Union. He was in contact with the valuable sources of information, and the whole design office had been working on the intelligence materials and on the newest import equipment provided by one of them.
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“Mariner” from Mykolaiv Underground

In a park of Mykolaiv there  is a memorial with the inscription: “In this place 10 March 1942 the KGB intelligence officer Oleksandr  Sydorchuk conducted  one of the most important subversive actions  against the German occupiers”.  For the scale of losses caused to  the enemy in one time,  this operation and its main executor entered the history of the Second World War.
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Regimental Commander Kovalyov

In 1960 – 1980, at the First (intelligence) Directorate of the KGB of the USSR held the officer space Mykhailo Danylovych Kovalyov, whom even today few people have known and heard about. First he was the Chief of staff, then the Commander of the Parachute Regiment and, according to staffing structure, he also was a member of the task force (later the task force was reorganized into the 5th Division). This was the so-called Special Reserve, which, basing on the experience of World War II, was formed for response in situations of severe international emergencies. As early as in May 1946, to form the Special Reserve in the system of the MGB of the USSR, the “DR”(sabotage and intelligence) department was established, which in the process of transformation of the security organs acquired different names in the central apparatus of intelligence, and in June 1978, it became the 8th unit of the Department “C” of the First Chief Directorate of the KGB of the USSR. It affiliated the Separate brigade of special purpose, which consisted of several airborne regiments and battalions, which, of course, were only documented, but had to be deployed in a special period.
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Living the Legend …

Mykhaylo Filonenko and his wife Anna Kamayeva had written so bright pages into the history of the Soviet illegal intelligence, that when during filming a television movie “Seventeen Moments of Spring” directors and actors needed to consult real intelligence officers who had lived and efficiently worked abroad in difficult conditions, the management of the KGB of the USSR chose them. Acting abroad under deep cover, Mykhaylo Filonenko was recognized as a successful businessman, he was gladly accepted in influential circles in Argentina, Paraguay, Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Chile, was able to infiltrate into the environment of Brazilian President Kubycheka, made friends with writers Jorge Amado, Adahlisa Nehru, Paraguayan dictator Stressner and many other famous and influential persons.
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Voice from across the pond

Jacob N. Golos (in the register – Golosenko, “Golos” was his  party pseudonym) was born in April, 1889 in Katerynoslav (now – Dnipropetrovsk) in the Jewish working-class family. After leaving school he worked at the local print shop, joined the RSDLP, participated in the Revolution of 1905. Subsequently, he was arrested by the tsarist police in the Bolsheviks’ illegal printing and sentenced to 8 years in prison, which was commuted for him as a minor to life exile in Yakutia. From there he fled to China, and then spent two years in Japan. Hereupon he went to the US, where he became a businessman, an active figure in the Communist Party of this country and one of the most successful Soviet intelligence agents.
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