Intelligence in fight for Ukrainian statehood

The detective with the pre-revolutionary employment history

For the first time the name of one of the most outstanding domestic intelligence agents of the Ukrainian revolution of the 1917 – 1921 period Mykola Krasovsky came loudly to light in 1911 in the so-called “Beilis case.” It was one of the most high-profile cases in pre-revolutionary Tsarist Russia, which become known all over the world. March 12, 1911, in Kyiv, on the territory of the brick factory of the Jewish merchant Zaitsev was found the body of brutally murdered and almost completely bloodless 13-year-old student of the Kyiv-Sophia Religious School Andrey Yushchinsky, on whose body the forensic doctors counted 50 stab wounds. The experienced detectives, one of whom was Nikolai Krasovsky, were appointed for the investigation of the case.
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It is written to believe

Leaflets of the Ukrainian People’s Republic were keeping the hope alive.
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The representative of the Minister of War in the Balkans

One of the most prominent representatives of the special services of the UNR in exile was Vasyl Filonovych. He was considered to be an invaluable source of reliable information both on the former soldiers of the UNR Army and on the situation in the emigrant environment. This recognition was the result of all his past life. It was filled with many dramatic events, and the fate always gave him a chance to find himself in the middle of the fight for a better destiny of Ukraine.
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At the Head of the Intelligence Services of the Government-in-exile

After the assassination of Chief Otaman Petliura in 1926, the leaders of the UNR emigration, intending to return to their native land with the aim to restore an independent state, stepped up their activities. In agreement with the Polish Prime Minister Jozef Pilsudski, they created the General Staff of the Ministry of War for the UNR government-in-exile, divided in accordance with the aspects of work into three sectors. In particular, its Sector 2 had to organize intelligence and counterintelligence activities.
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Sotnyk Shevchenko’s Studios

In early autumn 1933 the community of Ukrainian emigration was intensively discussing the idea of launching the All-Ukrainian Congress, put forward by the “Union of Ukrainian Journalists and Writers in Exile”. The Congress was supposed to widely discuss the famine in Ukraine and organize the aid to the starving.
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The First Chief of the Military Intelligence of Ukraine

In March 1918, the new Chief of the General Staff of the UPR Colonel O. Slyvynskyi, conducting structural reorganization of the Staff, paid special attention to creation of new specific structures to supply the Army with confidential information about the plans and intentions of the enemy. Unfortunately, the General Staff had not had a specialized unit of Military Intelligence before, and it was not the only drawback of the organizers of military construction in the UPR.
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A Descendant of Grassroots Zaporizhzhya Cossacks

In his childhood kids of the village of Hlodosy teased him, repeatedly shouting: “Give some porridge! Give some porridge!” No one knows if Vasyl treated them with porridge, but those too stubborn did fall to their share.
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Yurko Tyutyunnyk’s Chief of Intelligence Service

Immediately after the Ukrainian Army had crossed the River Zbruch, in November 1920, already in new conditions of exile, organization of the armed struggle for the restoration of a sovereign Ukrainian state continued. This was done by a special agency of the State Center of the UPR in exile –the Partisan- Insurgent Staff (PIS), led by Khorunzhyi-General Yuriy Tyutyunnyk. First the Staff was stationed in Poland in Tarnow, and later in Lviv. The structure of the Central Office of PIS was subject to some changes, but one of the most important units in it remained the Intelligence Department, which was headed by Colonel Oleksandr Kuzminskyi (later became Khorunzhyi-General).
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”Unfit for Re-Recruiting by the GPU”

Throughout the winter of 1920 the villagers’ talks were about the UNR Army’s blitz  raid in the rear of the Bolsheviks and Denikin from west to east and south. After the occupation of Cherkasy far on the Left Bank there were rumors that the Ukrainian Army had reached the Dnieper. In February Zolotonosha was liberated. But the Army was forced to return to the right bank of the Dnieper. Having crossed the Dnieper, the troops made a stop  in Kholodnyi Yar. Later they went to the west –different divisions simultaneously took Haysyn, Uman, Olviopil, Khrystynivka railway junction.
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Ukrainian Intelligence Officer Ivan Lytvynenko

January 17 marks 124 years since the birth of the UNR (Ukrainian People’s Republic) Army’s intelligence officer Colonel Lytvynenko Ivan Danylovych.

Khoruzhivka in Sumy region boasts not only of the third president of Ukraine. Here was born Ivan Lytvynenko – the UNR Army Colonel, one of the ten greatest enemies of Soviet secret services in the 1930s, later – a teacher at UPA officer schools.
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