The National Security and Defense Strategy of Ukraine was developed at the instruction of the President of Ukraine. It determines the main directions of state policy in the national security sphere, in particular: priorities of national interests of Ukraine and ensuring national security, goals and main directions of state policy in the national security sphere; current and projected threats to national security and national interests of Ukraine, taking into consideration external and domestic environment; the main directions of foreign policy of the state to ensure its national interests and security; directions and tasks of reforming and developing the security and defense sector; resources needed for its implementation.
The Strategy stipulates that Ukraine seeks peace, which is the key to the development of the state, and an individual, his/her life and health, honor and dignity, inviolability and security are the highest social values.
The ultimate goal of the Strategy is to establish a free, prosperous, secure Ukraine, where the rule of law prevails, where everyone can realize one's talents and abilities, where people breathe with clean air, drink clean water and where their children and grandchildren will live.
The Strategy is based on three main principles of state policy in the national security sphere:
- deterrence – development of defense and security capabilities to prevent an armed aggression against Ukraine;
- resilience – the society's and the state's capability of quickly adapting to changes in the security environment and maintain sustainable functioning, in particular through minimizing external and internal vulnerabilities;
- interaction – development of strategic relations with key foreign partners, first of all with the European Union and NATO and their member states, the USA, pragmatic cooperation with other states and international organizations on the basis of national interests of Ukraine.
The priorities of national interests are as follows: defending independence and state sovereignty; restoration of territorial integrity within the internationally recognized state border of Ukraine; social development, first of all development of human capital; protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens of Ukraine; European and Euro-Atlantic integration.
The Strategy takes into consideration the latest changes in the situation in the national security and defense sphere, due to the crisis in the world economy, emergence of new factors affecting the international security environment, the spread of COVID-19 caused by coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, as well as the growing risk of natural and anthropogenic disasters.
The National Security Strategy of Ukraine is the basis for the development of other strategic planning documents that will determine the ways and tools of its implementation: Human Development Strategy, Military Security Strategy of Ukraine, Public Security and Civil Defense Strategy of Ukraine, Defense and Industrial Development Strategy of Ukraine, Economic Security Strategy, Energy Security Strategy, Environmental Security and Climate Change Adaptation Strategy, Bio-safety and Biological Protection Strategy, Information Security Strategy, Cyber Security Strategy of Ukraine, Foreign Policy Strategy, State Security Strategy, Integrated Border Management Strategy, Food Security Strategy and National Intelligence Program.